School Game Federation Of India

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School Games Federation of India

Objectives:

  • To encourage, promote and popularize all recognized olympic, Asian, Common Wealth Games, and regional level popular games amongst scool boys and girls in India
  • To work for the physical welfare of school boys and girls
  • To co-ordinate and encourage all activities connected to school games and sports.
  • To hold National International sports meets and trial matches for school boys and girls and to award prices for National school games.
  •  To secure adequate participation of School boys and girls in International contests organized by the International School Sports Federation, Asian School Sports Federation or similar agencies.
  • To organize coaching and training programs to promote the games.
  • To arrange representation of the School Games Federation of India in International bodies, Asian bodies and their meetings.
  • To develop character and personality of school boys and girls through sports.

Games played :

# Article Title
1 MALLKHAMB
2 TABLE SOCCER
3 SOFT TENNIS
4 JEET KUNE DO
5 JUMP ROPE
6 THANG-TA
7 JUJITSU
8 TUG OF WAR
9 TENNIS VOLLEY BALL
10 FOOTBALL TENNIS
11 TENNI-KOIT
12 CARROM
13 Boxing
14 CHOI-KWANG-DO
15 Gymnastic
16 Tennis Ball Cricket
17 Wushu
18 Taekwondo
19 Shootingball
20 Rifle Shooting
21 SEPAK TAKRAW
22 ROPE SKIPPING
23 Roll Ball
24 DODGE BALL
25 Cycle-Polo
26 Archery
27 Yogasana

No. of participants from maharashtra 2011 – 2012 : Boys – 1081, Girls – 987, Total – 2068.

Act for Protecting Open Spaces In the Country

National Playing Fields Association of India (NPFAI)

India has a very large population of children, who need open spaces for playing and a
wholesome growth. It was felt that open playing areas used by children, especially in
urban areas, were fast disappearing and falling prey to diversion of land use for
construction and also to encroachment.

At present, out of 700 million plus youth, hardly
50 million have access to playing fields and other sports facilities.

There is a dearth of
both community playing fields and playgrounds in schools and colleges.
With his knowledge of the successful efforts of the Fields in Trust organization in the
U.K., in combating this problem, Minister initiated formation of the National Playing
Fields Association of India (NPFAI) in February 2009, with the main objective to develop,
promote, protect and expand playing fields and open spaces in the country. Minister is
the Chairman of the society, and eminent persons such as F.S. Nariman, Bishan Singh
Bedi, P.T. Usha, Indu Puri and Cdr. Nandy Singh and Bhaichung Butia are members of the
Society.

After formation of UPA Government in 2009, a Memorandum of Understanding
(MOU) has been signed between the NPFAI and Fields in Trust (FIT) in August 2009, to
benefit from the successful experience of the 80-year old FIT. In the U.K., FIT has
significantly contributed to give statutory protection to playing fields and outdoor
recreational land. FIT team visited Delhi and made an assessment of playing fields and 6
open spaces in the city, with the aim to use its expertise to select and develop a few
model grounds. Minister met with the Duke of Edinburgh, who is the Chief Patron of
FIT, in London, to take the partnership to a greater level. The Duke has assured support
to implement the objectives of the NPFAI.
Minister has already requested the Delhi Government to protect the open spaces for
use of children and the disabled. Ministry of Urban Development has also been
requested to create a legal framework mandating all new residential developments to
reserve space for playgrounds.
The concept was also introduced by the Minister, to the State Governments, during the
National Conference of State Sports Ministers held during August, 2009. States were
requested to form similar PFAs, for which draft documents have been given to them, to
carry forward the mission.

The mission of the Playing Fields association is to create a national level body, with
state-level bodies federated to it, which will function as a strong pressure group, to
reclaim and increase the recreational open spaces in urban areas, which are being lost
to the youth of India.

For eg.

football status

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Kunal Purohit, Hindustan Times
Mumbai, August 29, 2012

The city has always struggled for open spaces, and the report brought out by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region-Environment Improvement Society (MMR-EIS), quantifies how badly off Mumbai is. There are 45 open spaces plots on the critical list and in need of urgent attention, only 35% of the

open spaces designated for Mumbaiites are accessible to all and 160 hectares of open spaces could be lost forever if the civic body goes ahead with its controversial open spaces policy.

The civic body’s proposed open spaces policy permits private parties to take over 25% of the area of recreation grounds, provided they pay to maintain the remaining 75% of the ground.

Past experiences have revealed that in such cases, often clubs backed by political parties take over these open spaces and block access to the public. Since November 2007, HT has been campaigning for the city’s open spaces and tracking the issue.

The report prepared by the MMR-EIS, a body funded by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority, is on all environmental features of the city.

Article by Gagandeep Singh

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1. Why are traditional games like Kabaddi not so popular in urban India (apart from Punjab and Haryana) in spite of three consecutive world cup victories?

2. What can be done to promote the game ?

Kabaddi  Seeing New Heights :
After  three consecutive world cup victories, it has not got much popularity in India. Before talking about weak points, I would like to say that Kabaddi is going on very good path. Government of Punjab are doing extra-ordinary efforts for upliftment of Kabaddi.  In 2009, before announcement of world cup nobody even can think that King khan (Shahrukh Khan), Akshay kumar ,Katrina kaif  and many more Bollywood stars will perform in opening, as well as, closing ceremony of world cup. Now kabaddi is enrooted in countries like Sierraleone, Kenya, Argentina, Turkmenistan, Iran, Afganistan, Denmark and Many Mores.  These teams are purely of native persons. You will appreciate to know that Kabaddi reached in 25 countries in just three years. All credit goes to Dy.CM of Punjab Government, Shri Sukhbir Singh Badal. This is fact I am not praising him but he really doing a lot for kabaddi.  Everyone is witnessed of this thing. Probably, twenty-five countries are taking part in next  world cup as announced. Many overseas and Indian MNCs providing major sponsorship to kabaddi world cup. The Interesting thing is that, women kabaddi  also seeing new heights. The Prize money is also considerable. Governments are also promoting by offering Govt. jobs to each and every Indian player who played world cups in both categories. Iran and Pakistan also organized Asia Cup of Kabaddi for its upliftment. World cup also put proper restriction on doped players. In 2012, only 5 players found positive, this figure is just 10% as compared to 2011 world cup. This is very appreciable thing for management.
why  Kabaddi  limited upto Punjab and Haryana ?

Kabaddi is limited upto Punjab and Haryana because wrong and selfish policies of different federations. Some federation have selfish policies they just organize the tournaments for their own name and fame. They donot put proper check on dope tests and they allow doped palyers to play from their federation side. There is no proper world level organization which would control kabaddi all over the globe. There is no other International tournament expect world cup and asia cup. The players are uneducated in kabaddi that’s why a lot of indiscipline in it. Kabaddi just watched by only male members of family. The players just played it for get settled in foreign countries like  Canada , America etc.  the federations are limited upto the academies which are tied up with it, because kabaddi in weight category is totally drowned in doping.

What can be done to promote the game ?

Firslty, we need world level organization which can control kabaddi all over the world. After that proper constitution for kabaddi in which every thing could be mentioned like history of kabaddi, rules of game , punishment if players get indulged in any kind of indicipline or bad activity, proper umpiring panel. We have to look on history of cricket or football how they get popular in hearts of peoples. World federation have to organize proper international leagues and cups. Proper schedule should be made two year advance of international events. We need to start a campaign of world cup into all over the world so kabaddi gets more popularity. There must be one federation in india which conducts all events and activities for kabaddi. All respective federation have to make proper policies for betterment of only kabaddi not for their own name and fame. There should be proper check on doping. The players and officials have to become educated. We have to take kabaddi in our families. We have to innrtoduce English in kabaddi with repect to Punjabi. Indian Government have to take steps for upliftment of kabaddi like they can add kabaddi in asian game and common wealthgames In conclusion we need a proper and disciplined world federation for kabaddi like cricket (ICC), football (FIFA) etc.
Some Fedrations, Clubs and Persons who really working for upliftment of Kabaddi as under

North India Kabaddi federation is best and disciplined federation in world Lead by Mr.Surjan Singh Chatha ( President ).

Social youth welfare club, Dirba ( Sangrur, Punjab )- This club organized biggest kabaddi cup of Punjab “Saheed Bachan Singh international Cup “ and run best academy of kabaddi “ saheed bachan Singh Academy ,Dirba ( Sangrur , Punjab ).There tournament get sponsorship from Tata Motors , Maruti Suzuki.This Club run under kind guidance of Shri Karan Singh Ghuman Chairman and Shri Gurmail Singh ( The world’s best coach ).

Dr.Sukhdarshan Singh Chahal is prominent name in print media of Punjab. He promoting kabaddi by print media. He is first person in India who did Ph.d in Sports Literature. He is also olympain journalist.

Please mail me freely if u need any information about kabaddi from all over the world.Feedback anyays

Regards
Gagandeep Singh
www.chakdekabaddi.com

www.facebook.com/chakdekabaddiofficail

Hockey, a National Sport?

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Hockey lovers in the country are in for a rude shock as a reply to a RTI query has disclosed that India has no national game, contrary to popular perception.
Previously, hockey was believed to be the national game.

The query was filed by a class-VII student, Aishwarya Parashar. An earlier query by the girl had revealed that the government does not have any specific document to prove whether Mahatma Gandhi was conferred the “Father of the nation” title.

Aishwarya had sought information on a government order pertaining to India’s national game. She had filed a RTI query with the information officer at the Prime Minister’s Office in May this year.

She had also requested information on India’s national bird, national anthem, national symbol, national flower and national animal. While she received information about the national anthem and national symbol, rest of the queries were referred to the ministries concerned.

The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, in its reply a few days back, said the ministry has not declared any sport the national game. The information was sent to Aishwarya by the additional secretary in the Sports Ministry, Shiv Pratap Singh. She is yet to get the replies to other queries.

“It is a bitter truth that the country has no national game,” she told Deccan Herald here.

Article by Ankan Banerjee

Article by Ankan Banerjee – faculty member at the department of sports Management of Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management (IISWBM)

Role of Govt. for promoting sports

  • Today sport is an important component of socio-economic development of a country. The active participation in sports improves community health and productivity, reduces medical expenses, developes discipline in character .
  • The execution of a mega sporting event helps in developing infrastructure, generating employment, securing inflow of foreign capital and thus contributes significantly to the economic development of a country. Therefore, it can be said that the impact of sports on the society is multi-dimensional.
  •  The government plays a crucial role in promoting sports in a country. The government and governmental organizations constitute the public sector of the sports industry, which is responsible in making sports policies, allocating grants for developing infrastructure, motivating talents and designing specialized programs for overall development of sports. The objective of this article is to discuss critically the role of government in promoting sports in India.
  • The year 1982 was significant in the history of sports in India. In that year, India organized the Asian Games for the first time. Prior to that, not much emphasis had been given to sports in public policies. The following table represents the gradual increase in fund allocation for sports since the sixth Five Year Plan:
Five Year Plan Duration Allocation for Sports (INR million)
6th 1980-1985 270
7th 1985-1989 2,070
8th 1992-1997 2,100
9th 1997-2002 4,730
10th 2002-2007 11,450
11th 2007-2012 46,360
  • Despite a significant increase in the fund allocation, it is pertinent to mention that not more than 1% of budgetary allocation has been directed to sports in India.
  • The Panchyat Yuva Krida Aur Khel Abhiyan (PYKKA) had been introduced to start and motivate sports culture at the grass-root level by encouraging the youth of village and district levels to participate in sports. To achieve this objective, Rs. 1500 crore had been approved by the Planning Commission of India in the eleventh Five Year Plan and Rs. 92 crore and Rs. 160 crore had already been allocated for 2008-2009 and 2009-2010 respectively.
  • Despite these efforts, the performance of Indian athletes at the international level is not very convincing. Therefore, a few steps may be recommended to make these initiatives work .
  • First, the allocation of funds, as the percentage of budget, should be increased to broad-base sports in the country.
  • Second, sports should be made as an integral part of the education system to inculcate sports culture from the school level.
  • Third, the effectiveness of the developmental projects should be evaluated periodically.
  • Fourth, uniformity should be maintained in sports specific activities of various states of India to provide equal participation opportunity to its citizens.
  • To revive sports culture, the government should revisit the sporting framework of India. Otherwise, the immense potential of the country in sports can never be realized.
  • It can be expected that the government will play a proactive role in promoting sports in India to establish the country as a sporting nation.

 

Surveying P.T teacher and sports club coach.

Surveying P.T teachers and Sport Club coaches :

After surveying the children studying in schools and their parents, I decided to move on to the P.T teachers and the sports club coaches as they deal with a lot of students every day, and they would be having an idea of children’s interest in games.

Findings :

1)      They agree of cricket taking up a great space in the market as it has become consumer market.

2)      Cricket, Football, Tennis have become children’s favorite as they see it on television quite often with glamour effect.

3)      If the teacher makes them play other games, they would try playing it and end up playing cricket, football whichever they find interesting.

4)      A lot of time schools have small compound which restricts sir to make children play certain games.

5)      Now a days parents also feels complex if their children does not play cricket, football, tennis and all.

6)      In sports club, they do not prefer keeping the traditional games as they have to maintain the status symbol of the club by keeping professional games like cricket, football, tennis, basketball, volleyball, table tennis, as these games are demanded by today’s children.

7)      For Interschool competition cricket, throw ball, volleyball, football will have a lot of entries but for kabaddi, entries would be really less.

 

Survey of children in schools

Surschool's photo

As I am from Mumbai, I chose to target the Mumbai audience. I planned out to survey in schools of 3 categories where the Rich, middle class and poor, all the three financial category children could be surveyed.

The name of the schools I surveyed are:

1)      St. Xavierse Boys Academy

2)      The New Era High School

3)      Fellowship School

4)      Aryan School

The schools of different categories were chosen to know if the usage of high tech equipments and modernization affecting the importance of the Traditional Games, as these points will differ with the financial standard of people.

A) St. Xavierse Boys Academy, The New Era School (kind of schools):

These schools are located in the centre of town where the people are aware of high-tech equipments and modernization has changed the lifestyle of people. The education and extracurricular activities are given equal importance. Due to high fees, the children who belong to rich class come there whose upbringing and choice of interest differ from that of other class people.

Findings :

  1. In schools they do have P.T period.
  2. They have P.T period two times a week in average.
  3. The professor makes them do exercise and play games.
  4. In schools they play games like :
  • Cricket
  • Football
  • Badminton
  • Basket ball
  • Volley ball
  • Langadi
  • Kho kho

5)      They used to play the Indian traditional games like kho kho/ Langadi in earlier standard and kabadi may be just once.

6)      They most of the time play football or cricket in schools. Girls prefer playing basketball or badminton in their break period.

7)      70% of students used to play video games and watch television for 2 hours a day in average.

8)      50% of the students use computer for communication purpose. 70% of students use it for communication and for playing games.

9)       35% children like to see television for knowledge where as 65% of children use it for entertainment.

10)   After going home 70% of students have place to play in compound where they play cricket or football, and girls would be playing badminton.

11)   On asking them if they know the traditional games of India, they shocked me with their answer. They all knew almost all the games I asked them. BUT, they were not at all interested to play them.

12)   The reason for not playing such games were:

a)      They do not find anyone around playing these games.

b)      They find these games too outdated and they like changes.

c)       They are scared of getting themselves hurt by playing these games as the place might be less or if space then rough flooring.

d)      They do not exactly know how to play them.

e)      They feel shy if they play them as nobody plays.

f)       They like other games as they find them crazy and fun than these.

g)       Even in schools, P.T teacher introduce the games but does not give more attention of making them play.

h)      They like cricket, football and tennis more as they see matches on television and they have a lot of fun seeing India winning. This adds on to the enthusiasm to the game.

i)        Even in tournaments 100% of students only take part in football, cricket, volleyball etc. but not kabadi, kho kho.

A)    Fellowship School :

Fellowship school is a school where the students belonging to the middle class family come. They do have computer at home but it is shared by the entire family. Very few have I pads. Even the parents are strict and do not let them sit on computer for more than an hour. Their ranking is average rated school.

Findings :

1)      They play games like Cricket, Football, Volley ball, skating races, kho kho, langadi, and kabaddi.

2)      They have P.T period three times a week for 35 minutes.

3)      In P.T period their sir makes them do exercises and play games.

4)      They know almost all the Indian traditional games I asked, and they have even played some of them in school. But yet they are not interested personally to play them because of the same reasons that they find them outdated.

The reasons stated in the above case (St. xavierse boys Academy/ The New Era School) follows here too.

B)    Aryan School :

In the case of Aryan School, the students belonging to the poor class category comes. The fees of the school is also very low which is suitable for the student’s family. Because of which it gets tough for the school to give them the facilities what the above three schools can provide.

Findings :

1)      They have P.T period 3 times a week and 15 minutes every day in the morning.

2)      Their P.T teacher makes them exercise and play games as in other schools.

3)      They play games like Cricket, Football, Kho Kho, Kabaddi, Langadi tang, Satoliya and rumal dao.

4)      In this school 80% of the crowd have television and 40% have computer.

5)      They use computer and television for entertaining as well as education purpose.

6)      They live in chawl system and few in slums where they do not get to enjoy more privacy. They have a lot of friends around.

7)      At home also they play these games as that is how they pass their time in absence of television and computer. But cricket is any time played more.

8)      They know the games of India.

Questionnaire made for children

1)      Name :

2)      Age :

3)      Standard :

4)      School’s name :

5)      Do you enjoy your school?

6)      Which school period do you like the most?

7)      Do have P.T period in your school?

8)      How many times in a week you have P.T  period?

9)      For how much time in a day you have P.T Period?

10)   What does your sir make you do in P.T period?

11)   Which games you play in P.T period  and in the break with your friends in school?

(Indoor / outdoor)

12)   Please list some of the outdoor games you play in school and with your building friends?

13)   Do you have a computer at home / mobile phone/ video game/ television at home?

14)   How much time a day you watch T.V , use Computer and play video games?

15)   Do you use Computer and mobile phone for communication purpose or for playing games?

16)   What do you prefer playing in free time?  (Video games / Television OR outdoor games)

17)   DO you know any of the games listed below.. (tick opposite to the games you know)

  1. Kabbadi
  2. Kho – kho
  3. Langadi tang
  4. Aankh micholi
  5. Chhupa chhupi
  6. Tree climbing
  7. Pakada pakadi
  8. Nondi
  9. Lattu
  10. Satoliya
  11. Marbles
  12. Gilli danda
  13. Hockey
  14. Kite flying

18)   Where have you heard these games

  1. Television
  2. Elders have told you
  3. Saw some friends playing
  4. State if any other source

19)   DO you play these games?

20)   How many times have you played these games?

Parents views on today’s generation

Parents survey

Surveying parents :

The idea was to understand the psychology and the schedule of children from parent’s point of view. In childhood the upbringing and the restriction of parent’s does affect child’s behavior and interest. For eg. It is very easy for children to get attracted to electronic medias for a longer period. But that could be reduced if parents get strict and ask them to follow some discipline.

Findings :

1)    The parents said, they do play outdoor games, but only cricket and football. Badminton and tennis is also played but less as compared to these games.

2)    After coming back from school they have a lot of homework to do as the schools at a lot of places have made weekly test schedule. So everyday getting time for outdoor games is not possible. And if yes then they prefer to use it for their favorite game like badminton, cricket, football etc.

3)    Children also love to go to sports clubs nearby their area where they are made to play different sport’s activity. The reasons of children going to sports club are :

a)    Many a times, children do not find their age group friends around in their society.

b)      If they have friends, then they might not get free at the same time.

c)       If they have, then have to follow the majority’s choice which may or may not be what they want to play. (to avoid isolation)

d)      Many a times, their friend’s choice affects their choice. For eg. Their children might get interested in learning squash after getting good reviews from friends.

e)      They find it interesting to play in proper courts, having guidance i.e. the coach.

f)       Maximum time the games that are chosen by today’s generation children to play in clubs are :

  • Cricket
  • Football
  • Lawn tennis
  • Table tennis
  • Volley ball
  • Basket ball
  • Badminton
  • Swimming
  • P.S.P games
  • Other indoor games. That is the reason all the clubs also prefer keeping the games which are in and liked by the users.

g)      Playing all these games adds to their status symbol.

h)      Earlier there used to be joint families, where the chain of passing on the culture from one generation to other was always maintained as it had different generations staying under a roof. But now MIGRATION has taken place. People are shifting wherever they have opportunities. So nuclear families have taken up the space.

i)  In an average, children take 2 hours for using computer, television and playing on I pads/ Video games.

j)  Parent’s make children watch some important programs on television like crime petrol, Discovery channel which will add on to their knowledge and make them understand the world outside in a better way.

k)  Even computers are very important for children as they use it for assignments, internet helps them gain a lot of knowledge about anything they want to know.

l)   So, the usage of television and computer cannot be compromised for anything.

m)   Parents even make them join some classes of other activities like karate/ art and craft/ dance etc. which might be of some use in future.

n)   Children always try to play games which is of today’s time, as they like to go with time.

o)   The lack of place in the building compound and the grounds being far from their place is the basic and most faced reason in Bombay for not playing these outdoor games.

p)      They play only what they see others playing, and traditional games are jus nowhere to be seen outside these days.

q)      Yes, they should be encouraged for playing Indian tradition games as that would make them be attached to their culture.

Survey of people who still plays Indian Games

Surveying the group of audience who still play Indian Traditional games :

After finding out the reasons and causes as to why today’s generation has lack of interest in playing Indian games, I decided to survey the audience who is still playing these games.

Target group :  poor middle class and poor people

Age : 10 years to 17 years

This target group may not have a computer at home, and if yes then it would be shared by the entire family. So very less of computer usage, Video game usage. They have a  lot of friends (galli friends) staying around. So, they have company to play outdoor games.

As it was not possible for me to approach the same target group in Mumbai, I went to Gulbai Tekra where I got the target group as per my requirement. There I found a lot of outdoor game fans as that is the only way they enjoy in their free time.

As I started asking few boys some questions, the crowd gathered which made it simpler to approach the large audience together.

Findings:

1)      They learn the outdoor games by seeing each other. Any generation children learn games by seeing their elders and they even play when the right age comes.

2)      They play outdoor games like Cricket, Football, Volleyball, Kancha, Lattu, Kabadi and kho kho.

3)      Cricket is their most favorite game. Elder boys only play cricket.

4)      Elder boys feel shy if they play games like Lattu, Kancha, kho kho.

5)      Kabaddi is played by a few players there who are interested to play. Every night 8 o clock they play kabaddi.

6)      The elders do not find it appropriate to play the games like lattu, kancha now as they are scared of they getting hurt while playing, but on contrary they are any time fine with getting hurt while playing cricket. These were never the points of making them not play cricket.

7)      They find cricket too professional and these games unprofessional.

8)      They generally do not play in the afternoon time. But if it is cricket then they do not mind playing in the afternoon time.

9)      A lot of time they keep matches among themselves in the night. 5 – 6 times a month in average. They even have got the T-shirts printed team wise. They a lot of time have skipped their lunch and dinner to play cricket.

10)   They find themselves connected to the world internationally  through cricket.

11)   They know the names of cricket team players. Not just of India but also of Australia, England, Pakistan and some more.

12)   But they are not aware of the names of Indian kabadi team, not even captain’s name.

13)   They always see cricket and football matches on television but kabadi they have hardly seen twice or thrice. Cricket matches they see on star sports, ten sports, news channels, sony max etc. and kabadi matches they have seen on cartoon network channel.

14)   They have fun seeing Cricket matches as they love to watch Indian team winning against Shrilanka / Pakistan / Australia, and by chance if India loses they get equally hurt. They said “ Sabko Jussa rehta hai match dekhne ke time pe. Aur isi josh ke wajah se humko ye game khelne me bhi maza aata hai.”

15)   They thought Cricket or football is the national game of India.

16)   After making them aware of hockey being the national game of India, they quickly connected it to the movie ‘CHAKDE INDIA’, and even found it interesting to talk about hockey as they had seen on big screen having the glamour effect to it.

17)   They would not mind trying hockey. But the reason of them not playing is that everybody needs their individual bats which is not affordable. And they have no elders or coaching classes  around who can teach them.

18)   According to them cricket game has no age group restriction, anybody can play cricket but in the case of kho kho, lattu, kancha the age limit that they have created is youngsters and never elders.

19)   In Kancha and lattu they never followed any standard rules. They used to make their own rules and used to play for the sake of fun. But in cricket and football some standard rules are to be followed strictly. (disciplined game)

20)   Inspite of their income being so low, they pay 1500/month to cricket coaching classes to play cricket. They have tournaments to play every two months which increases their interest. They love it when their team wins and they are awarded with SILVER and GOLDEN trophies. They find it an achievement. If the same kind of classes they would have had for Lattu, Kancha, Kabaddi, Kho, they would not go for it.

21)   They do not have a ground to play any of these games like Kabadi, cricket, football, volleyball kho kho, but still the reason for not playing kabadi is not having a ground , but the same is not in the case of playing cricket. They play cricket anywhere as they do not have a ground.