Kabadi – The most popular traditional game

Kabadi

Kabaddi

Kabadi is the best known Indian Traditional Game. It is a team sport, played mostly in South Asia. The word ‘Kabadi’ is derived from a Hindi word that means, ‘holding your breath,’ which is the activity that underlies all games of Kabadi.

 

History

  • Kabaddi was known internationally during 1936, Berlin Olympics.
  • The game was introduced in Indian Olympic game in Kolkata 1938.
  • In 1950 All India Kabadi Federation came into existence which even shaped and made standard rules of Kabadi.
  • The Amateur Kabadi Federation of India (AKFI) was found in 1973.
  • The first national game of men were held in Chennai and women’s were in Kolkata in 1955.
  • AKFI have made their own rules and has the right to modify or change them.
  • The Asian Kabadi Federation was under chairmanship of Mr. Janardan Singh Gehlot / Sharad Pawar.
  • Kabadi was introduced to Japan in 1979. Professor Sundar Ram from India was sent to Japan for two months through The Asian Amateur Kabadi Federation.
  • The game Kabadi was first time included in Asian Games in Beijing in 1990.
  • In Asian games different countries like India, Japan, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh took part.
  • India won the gold medal and also won gold at the following six Asian games in :
Asian Games Year
Hiroshima 1994
Bangkok 1998
Busan 2002
Doha 2006
Guangzhou 2010
  • Before which such as West Bengal Police versus the Punjab.
  • Kabadi was cut down in 1992, before which Krishna Guru-Murthy suffered a collapse lung while participating.
  • In the year 1998, Asian game was held at Bangkok, where the Indian Kabadi team won a gold medal.
  • Some of the Arjuna Award winners are Sh.Sadand Mahadeo Shetty, Sh.Shankuntla Panghar Kholavkar, Sh.Shantaram Jaatu, Kumari Monika Nath, Kumari Maya Kashi Nath etc.

 

Name of the Kabaddi Indian Team :

          

             Raiders –

  1. Sukhbir Singh Sarawan
  2. Hardavinder Singh Dulla Surakhpuria
  3. Gulzar Singh Moonak
  4. Gurlal Ghanaur
  5. Sandeep Dirba
  6. Gagandeep Singh Gaggi Khiranwal
  7. Talwinder Singh Sonu

           

              Defenders –

  1. Mangat Singh Mangi
  2. Narinder Kumar Bittu Dugaal
  3. Sikander Singh Kanjhli
  4. Ekam Hathoor
  5. Narinder Nindi Benra
  6. Jagdeep Singh Kaka Ghaniwal
  7. Gurwinder Singh Kahlwan

             

             Stand By –

  1. Vicky Ghanaur
  2. Talwinder Singh Tinda
  3. Yaadwinder Singh Kotli
  4. Gurpreet Singh Maheru

These are the names of our Indian Kabaddi team.

Rules to be followed

court

               Players  Play Field Measurement
 1)      Men and Junior Boys  13 x 10 metersMen – Below 80 Kg weightJunior –  Boys : Age 20 years and belowBelow 65 Kg weight 
2)      Women and Junior Girls 12 x 8 metersWomen – Below 70 Kg weightJunior Girls – Age 20 years and belowBelow 60 Kg weight 
3)      Sub Junior Boys and Girls Sub Junior Boys – Age 16 yearsBelow 50 Kg weightSub Junior Girls – Age 16 yearsBelow 50 Kg weight 

 

1)      The team that wins the toss shall have the choice of the court or raid and the team that loses the toss shall have the remaining choice. In the second half the court shall be changed and the team which did not opted for raid shall send the raider first. The game in the second half shall be continued with the same number of players as it ended in the first half.

2)      The player shall be out if any part of the body touches the ground outside the boundary. But during the struggle the player shall not be out if any part of the body touches outside the boundary by keeping contact of the playfield. The portion of contact must be inside the boundary.

3)      If nay player goes out of the boundary during the course of play, he shall be out. The Umpire or Referee shall try to take out such players at once. The Umpire or the Referee shall declare such players out by calling out their names and not by whistling as the raid may continue.

If an anti goes out of the boundary while holding the raider, the raider shall be declared NOT OUT. The anti who has gone out of the boundary only will be declared OUT.

4)      The raider shall continue chanting “KABADDI” as it is the approved cant. If he fails to keep it while struggling in the opponent’s court, he shall be ordered to go back to his court and the opponent will be given a point and a chance to raid.

5)      The raider must start chanting “KABADDI” before entering opponent’s court. If he starts his cant late, the Umpire or the Referee shall order him to go back and the opponent’s team will get a chance to raid and a point. If the raider loses its cant while in the opponent’s team, he shall be out.

6)      If the raider goes out of turn, the Umpire or Referee shall order him to back and will give a technical point to the opponent team.

7)      Not more than one raider shall enter the opponent’s court at a time, If more than one raider enters then the Umpire or the Referee shall order them to go back awarding a technical point to the opponent’s team and a chance to raid.

8)      After the struggle when the  raider has reached his court, the opponent shall send their raider within 5 seconds. This way alternately each team shall send their raider until the en of the game. In case the raider fails to start the raid within 5 seconds the team loses its chance to raid and opponent’s team gets a technical point.

9)       If a raider is caught by the opponent’s team escapes his attack and reaches his court safely, he shall not be attacked.

10)   When the raider is caught by the opponent’s team players, the antis shall not try to shut his chanting by shutting his mouth using violent techniques which may lead to injuries. If anything like this happens then the Umpire or the Referee shall declare the raider NOT OUT.

11)   No anti shall try to push the raider out of the boundary and same goes with the raider, If any of them tries to do that the Umpire shall declare him OUT  and whoever is pushed out shall be declared NOT OUT by the Umpire or the REFEREE.

12)   During the course of raid, none of the antis shall touch the raider’s court until the completion of the raid. In case any anti touches the raider’s court while the raid is on then the anti’s team will be declared OUT by the Umpire and the raider’s team will be awarded a point.

13)   If a team manages to put out all the players from the opponent’s team and none opponent are entitled to be revived, then the team scores a LONA and two extra points for LONA shall be added to the points scored by the team putting out all the players of the opponent. The play continues and all the players who are out shall enter in their court within 10 seconds otherwise the Referee or Umpire shall award one point to the opponent’s team. If the team fails to enter within one minute, the team shall be scratched from the match and the match shall be awarded to the opponent.

14)   If a raider is warned or any way instructed by any one of his side, the Umpire or Referee shall award a technical point to the opponent

15)   A raider or an anti is not suppose to caught or held by any part of his body other than his limb. The one who breaks the rule shall be declared out and the other NOT OUT.

16)   When one or more players are left during the game and the captain of team declares them out to bring in the full team, the opponent shall score as many points as the players present in the court at the time of declaration as well as two extra points for LONA.

17)   The players shall be revived in the same order as they were out.

How To Play Kabaddi..

Number of teams  : 2

Number of Players per Team : 12

Number of Players in court  : 7

Number of Players in reserve : 5

Dimensions of the Court : 12.50m x 10m, divided by a line into two halves

Timing  : Two 20 minute halves, with a break of five minutes

Criteria : On the basis of age-group and weight

Referee’s : 7 (1 referee, 2 umpires, 2 linesmen, 1 time keeper and 1 scorer )

The team who wins the toss sends a Raider, who enters the opponent’s team murmuring “Kabaddi – Kabaddi” in one breath. The aim of the Raider is to touch at least one or more players of the opposite team and returning back to the court without losing his breath. The players of the opposite team who are touched by the Raider shall be declared OUT by the Umpire or the Referee.

The aim of the opposite team is to hold back the Raider till he loses his breath and stops chanting “ Kabaddi – Kabaddi “ If the Raider fails to enter his court in the same breath, he shall be declared OUT by the Umpire. Each team sends a player alternatively into the opponents’ court. If a player goes out of the boundary line during the course of the play, or if any part of his body touches the ground outside the boundary, he will be out, except during a struggle.

Matches are on the basis of age-groups and weight. Seven officials supervise a match – one referee, two umpires, two linesmen, one time keeper and a scorer.

In India there are two types of Kabaddi based on the rules each one is comfortable playing in. Those are:

1)      Surjeevani

2)      Gaminee

3)      Amar

Surjeevani

 The ‘Surjeevani‘ form of Kabadi is played under the Kabadi Federation of India, and is governed by its rules and regulations. In the ‘Surjeevani’ form of Kabadi, one player is revived against one player of the opposite team who is out. i.e. one out, one in.

Gaminee

 In the ‘Gaminee‘ type of Kabadi, there is no revival. When all the players of team are out, the game ends. So there is no time limit in this category.

 Amar

 In this form of Kabaddi, the players who are touched by the raider, who are declared OUT by the Umpire or the Referee, do not go out of the court. They stay inside and one point is awarded to the team who touched him. This game is also played on the basis of time. i.e. the time is fixed.

In the northern part of the India, like Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi, Kabadi is played in a circle. This is known as ‘Circle Kabadi’ or Amar Kabadi. If it is played without a court, as in some places, it’s called ‘Goongi Kabadi’. The Goongi Kabadi is nothing but wrestling between two players.

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